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python项目:获取微信好友信息(一)抓取微信好友数据

作者:上海瑞梁浩行投资咨询有限公司 来源:www.60899055.com 发布时间:2017-09-05 12:28:54
 

python项目:获取微信好友信息(一)抓取微信好友数据

代码中:使用二维码登录网页版微信,并下载好友头像,并将好友资料数据存入csv文件,待进一步处理。

笔者使用的环境为python3.5。

import os import requests import re import time import xml.dom.minidom import json import csv import codecs import sys import math import subprocess import ssl import threading import urllib.request, urllib.parse, urllib.error, urllib.request, urllib.error, urllib.parse DEBUG = False # 测试时候 可以改为True,输出测试的json数据 MAX_GROUP_NUM = 2 # 每组人数 INTERFACE_CALLING_INTERVAL = 5 # 接口调用时间间隔, 间隔太短容易出现"操作太频繁", 会被限制操作半小时左右 MAX_PROGRESS_LEN = 50 QRImagePath = os.path.join(os.getcwd(), 'qrcode.jpg') # 存放登录二维码的位置,不需要改 tip = 0 uuid = '' base_uri = '' redirect_uri = '' push_uri = '' skey = '' wxsid = '' wxuin = '' pass_ticket = '' deviceId = 'e000000000000000' BaseRequest = {} ContactList = [] My = [] SyncKey = [] try: xrange range = xrange except: # python 3 pass def responseState(func, BaseResponse): ErrMsg = BaseResponse['ErrMsg'] Ret = BaseResponse['Ret'] if DEBUG or Ret != 0: print('func: %s, Ret: %d, ErrMsg: %s' % (func, Ret, ErrMsg)) if Ret != 0: return False return True def getUUID(): global uuid url = 'https://login.weixin.qq.com/jslogin' params = { 'appid': 'wx782c26e4c19acffb', 'fun': 'new', 'lang': 'zh_CN', '_': int(time.time()), } r = myRequests.get(url=url, params=params) r.encoding = 'utf-8' data = r.text # print(data) # window.QRLogin.code = 200; window.QRLogin.uuid = "oZwt_bFfRg=="; regx = r'window.QRLogin.code = (\d+); window.QRLogin.uuid = "(\S+?)"' pm = re.search(regx, data) code = pm.group(1) uuid = pm.group(2) if code == '200': return True return False def showQRImage(): global tip url = 'https://login.weixin.qq.com/qrcode/' + uuid params = { 't': 'webwx', '_': int(time.time()), } r = myRequests.get(url=url, params=params) tip = 1 f = open(QRImagePath, 'wb') f.write(r.content) f.close() time.sleep(1) if sys.platform.find('darwin') >= 0: # 'darwin' subprocess.call(['open', QRImagePath]) elif sys.platform.find('linux') >= 0: subprocess.call(['xdg-open', QRImagePath]) else: os.startfile(QRImagePath) print('请使用微信扫描二维码以登录') def waitForLogin(): global tip, base_uri, redirect_uri, push_uri url = 'https://login.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/mmwebwx-bin/login?tip=%s&uuid=%s&_=%s' % ( tip, uuid, int(time.time())) r = myRequests.get(url=url) r.encoding = 'utf-8' data = r.text # print(data) # window.code=500; regx = r'window.code=(\d+);' pm = re.search(regx, data) code = pm.group(1) if code == '201': # 已扫描 print('成功扫描,请在手机上点击确认以登录') tip = 0 elif code == '200': # 已登录 print('正在登录...') regx = r'window.redirect_uri="(\S+?)";' pm = re.search(regx, data) redirect_uri = pm.group(1) + '&fun=new' base_uri = redirect_uri[:redirect_uri.rfind('/')] # push_uri与base_uri对应关系(排名分先后)(就是这么奇葩..) services = [ ('wx2.qq.com', 'webpush2.weixin.qq.com'), ('qq.com', 'webpush.weixin.qq.com'), ('web1.wechat.com', 'webpush1.wechat.com'), ('web2.wechat.com', 'webpush2.wechat.com'), ('wechat.com', 'webpush.wechat.com'), ('web1.wechatapp.com', 'webpush1.wechatapp.com'), ] push_uri = base_uri for (searchUrl, pushUrl) in services: if base_uri.find(searchUrl) >= 0: push_uri = 'https://%s/cgi-bin/mmwebwx-bin' % pushUrl break # closeQRImage if sys.platform.find('darwin') >= 0: # for OSX with Preview os.system("osascript -e 'quit app \"Preview\"'") elif code == '408': # 超时 pass # elif code == '400' or code == '500': return code def login(): global skey, wxsid, wxuin, pass_ticket, BaseRequest r = myRequests.get(url=redirect_uri) r.encoding = 'utf-8' data = r.text # print(data) doc = xml.dom.minidom.parseString(data) root = doc.documentElement for node in root.childNodes: if node.nodeName == 'skey': skey = node.childNodes[0].data elif node.nodeName == 'wxsid': wxsid = node.childNodes[0].data elif node.nodeName == 'wxuin': wxuin = node.childNodes[0].data elif node.nodeName == 'pass_ticket': pass_ticket = node.childNodes[0].data # print('skey: %s, wxsid: %s, wxuin: %s, pass_ticket: %s' % (skey, wxsid, # wxuin, pass_ticket)) if not all((skey, wxsid, wxuin, pass_ticket)): return False BaseRequest = { 'Uin': int(wxuin), 'Sid': wxsid, 'Skey': skey, 'DeviceID': deviceId, } return True def webwxinit(): url = (base_uri + '/webwxinit?pass_ticket=%s&skey=%s&r=%s' % ( pass_ticket, skey, int(time.time()))) params = {'BaseRequest': BaseRequest} headers = {'content-type': 'application/json; charset=UTF-8'} r = myRequests.post(url=url, data=json.dumps(params), headers=headers) r.encoding = 'utf-8' data = r.json() if DEBUG: f = open(os.path.join(os.getcwd(), 'webwxinit.json'), 'wb') f.write(r.content) f.close() # print(data) global ContactList, My, SyncKey dic = data ContactList = dic['ContactList'] My = dic['User'] SyncKey = dic['SyncKey'] state = responseState('webwxinit', dic['BaseResponse']) return state def webwxgetcontact(): url = (base_uri + '/webwxgetcontact?pass_ticket=%s&skey=%s&r=%s' % ( pass_ticket, skey, int(time.time()))) headers = {'content-type': 'application/json; charset=UTF-8'} r = myRequests.post(url=url, headers=headers) r.encoding = 'utf-8' data = r.json() if DEBUG: f = open(os.path.join(os.getcwd(), 'webwxgetcontact.json'), 'wb') f.write(r.content) f.close() dic = data MemberList = dic['MemberList'] # 倒序遍历,不然删除的时候出问题.. SpecialUsers = ["newsapp", "fmessage", "filehelper", "weibo", "qqmail", "tmessage", "qmessage", "qqsync", "floatbottle", "lbsapp", "shakeapp", "medianote", "qqfriend", "readerapp", "blogapp", "facebookapp", "masssendapp", "meishiapp", "feedsapp", "voip", "blogappweixin", "weixin", "brandsessionholder", "weixinreminder", "wxid_novlwrv3lqwv11", "gh_22b87fa7cb3c", "officialaccounts", "notification_messages", "wxitil", "userexperience_alarm"] for i in range(len(MemberList) - 1, -1, -1): Member = MemberList[i] if Member['VerifyFlag'] & 8 != 0: # 公众号/服务号 MemberList.remove(Member) elif Member['UserName'] in SpecialUsers: # 特殊账号 MemberList.remove(Member) elif Member['UserName'].find('@@') != -1: # 群聊 MemberList.remove(Member) elif Member['UserName'] == My['UserName']: # 自己 MemberList.remove(Member) return MemberList def syncKey(): SyncKeyItems = ['%s_%s' % (item['Key'], item['Val']) for item in SyncKey['List']] SyncKeyStr = '|'.join(SyncKeyItems) return SyncKeyStr def syncCheck(): url = push_uri + '/synccheck?' params = { 'skey': BaseRequest['Skey'], 'sid': BaseRequest['Sid'], 'uin': BaseRequest['Uin'], 'deviceId': BaseRequest['DeviceID'], 'synckey': syncKey(), 'r': int(time.time()), } r = myRequests.get(url=url, params=params) r.encoding = 'utf-8' data = r.text # print(data) # window.synccheck={retcode:"0",selector:"2"} regx = r'window.synccheck={retcode:"(\d+)",selector:"(\d+)"}' pm = re.search(regx, data) retcode = pm.group(1) selector = pm.group(2) return selector def webwxsync(): global SyncKey url = base_uri + '/webwxsync?lang=zh_CN&skey=%s&sid=%s&pass_ticket=%s' % ( BaseRequest['Skey'], BaseRequest['Sid'], urllib.parse.quote_plus(pass_ticket)) params = { 'BaseRequest': BaseRequest, 'SyncKey': SyncKey, 'rr': ~int(time.time()), } headers = {'content-type': 'application/json; charset=UTF-8'} r = myRequests.post(url=url, data=json.dumps(params)) r.encoding = 'utf-8' data = r.json() # print(data) dic = data SyncKey = dic['SyncKey'] state = responseState('webwxsync', dic['BaseResponse']) return state def heartBeatLoop(): while True: selector = syncCheck() if selector != '0': webwxsync() time.sleep(1) def main(): global myRequests if hasattr(ssl, '_create_unverified_context'): ssl._create_default_https_context = ssl._create_unverified_context headers = { 'User-agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_11_2) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/44.0.2403.125 Safari/537.36'} myRequests = requests.Session() myRequests.headers.update(headers) if not getUUID(): print('获取uuid失败') return print('正在获取二维码图片...') showQRImage() while waitForLogin() != '200': pass os.remove(QRImagePath) if not login(): print('登录失败') return if not webwxinit(): print('初始化失败') return MemberList = webwxgetcontact() threading.Thread(target=heartBeatLoop) MemberCount = len(MemberList) print('通讯录共%s位好友' % MemberCount) print(MemberList) d = {} imageIndex = 0 # 写入csv csvfile = open('friend2.csv', 'w', newline='') # csvfile.write(codecs.BOM_UTF8) writer = csv.writer(csvfile) writer.writerow(['name', 'city', 'male', 'star', 'signature', 'remark', 'alias', 'nick']) for Member in MemberList: global writer imageIndex = imageIndex + 1 name = 'D:\\Python\\Demo\\image\\image' + str(imageIndex) + '.jpg' imageUrl = 'https://wx.qq.com' + Member['HeadImgUrl'] r = myRequests.get(url=imageUrl, headers=headers) imageContent = (r.content) fileImage = open(name, 'wb') fileImage.write(imageContent) fileImage.close() print('正在下载第:' + str(imageIndex) + '位好友头像') d[Member['UserName']] = (Member['NickName'], Member['RemarkName']) city = Member['City'] city = 'nocity' if city == '' else city name = Member['NickName'] name = 'noname' if name == '' else name sign = Member['Signature'] sign = 'nosign' if sign == '' else sign remark = Member['RemarkName'] remark = 'noremark' if remark == '' else remark alias = Member['Alias'] alias = 'noalias' if alias == '' else alias nick = Member['NickName'] nick = 'nonick' if nick == '' else nick print(name, ' ^+*+^ ', city, ' ^+*+^ ', Member['Sex'], ' ^+*+^ ', Member['StarFriend'], ' ^+*+^ ', sign, ' ^+*+^ ', remark, ' ^+*+^ ', alias, ' ^+*+^ ', nick) # 写入csv writer.writerow([name.encode('gbk', 'ignore').decode('gbk'), city.encode('gbk', 'ignore').decode('gbk'), Member['Sex'], Member['StarFriend'], sign.encode('gbk', 'ignore').decode('gbk'), remark.encode('gbk', 'ignore').decode('gbk'), alias.encode('gbk', 'ignore').decode('gbk'), nick.encode('gbk', 'ignore').decode('gbk')]) csvfile.close() if __name__ == '__main__': main() print('程序已安全退出...') 简单讲几点:

一、写入csv文件编码问题

在上一篇文章中以及解释了。

二、登录出现问题

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